Why are we attracted to the Internet? First of all it brings the world in our homes . This is both good and bad. Everyone uses the Internet for different reasons. Adults for research on the Internet, to send and receive e-mails, and young people for games, music, research, e-mail, chat and communication services and erotic content. It is also an instrument of knowledge and it helps to acquire knowledge of technology very quickly.
1. What is the phenomenon of 'addiction' to the Internet? When did it first appeared?
The first event saw the light of day in 1997, USA the Rehabilitation Center first opened in 1995 in Pennsylvania, USA, and the same year the New Yorker psychiatrist Ivan Goldberg, partly joking, first adopted the term Internet addiction («addiction" to Internet). The first cases were adults, but the next few years the phenomenon has expanded rapidly in adolescents and young adults. Because the American Psychiatric Association did not accept the abuse of Internet addiction as something real, and there is general debate on international literature, the term 'addiction' or 'dependence' are used in quotes.
2. Who are more likely to develop addiction on the Internet?
From the first data obtained from 35 (thirty five) children and adolescents who attended the Adolescent Health Unit (M.E.Y.) seeking to address the excessive use of the Internet that:
- The phenomenon is most common in boys
- In children with depressive and attention deficit-hyperactivity.
What does addiction mean?
The characteristics of addiction include:
* The need for increasing preoccupation with the subject of addiction
* Feeling deprivation.
* Addressing more than that planned.
* Unsuccessful attempts to control.
* Reduction in other activities.
4. Are there any premonitory symptoms of addiction to the Internet? And what kind of behaviour of children aged 10 years plus has to worry their parents?
- The child is often overlooked in the computer and has no sense of time spent in it.
- He is constantly on the Internet or related activities, he often ignores obligations at home and at school.
- He prefers games on the Internet, rather to meet friends, so he becomes isolated.
- Falling return to school.
- He operates defensive and hostile when someone brings the discussion on the Internet.
- The Internet is a concern even while eating or while reading or when it is in the movie.
- Reacts angrily very nervous or aggressive when somebody stops the game or the conversation that he had online.
- He stays awake often to stay connected / connected to the Internet. - Often says "Well, I'll play just one more minute.
- He has said several times that we deliberately reduce the hours that pass connected to the Internet but has failed to comply with the timetable set by you alone without any pressure.
- He hides from their parents how many hours he spends online, and he often does not admit either to himself.
- He looks stressed, anxious, angry or violent or depressed when he plays on the Internet.
A combination of factors leads to addiction
Regarding the factors that lead to adolescent addiction to the Internet, it was suggested that it may be the result of other mental disorders such as depression, anxinternet_addiction4iety disorders, personality disorders and social phobia, among others.
We see that th ere can be depression, hyper - mobility, attention deficit or autistic behaviour. Indeed, it is emphasized that in some cases they may also n eed medication to deal with two disorders at the same time.
1. Syndrome of Hyperactivity / attention deficit (especially adolescents)
2. Feeling depressed
4. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
5. Bipolar Disorder (in adults)
Two typical cases::
1 The only occupation
'I spend all my time on the Internet, and stop only for meals and sleep, said the 25 year old. "This was a gradual process. Dedicate more slowly and more time on Facebook, MSN and in video games until it was my only hobby, said the boy was a student of Economics. The idea of returning to his old life, when he attend classes and playing soccer with his friends, creates intense stress, as he confesses himself holding tightly in the hands a pack of cigarettes.
2. A case of a student who suffers from Internet addiction.
A Student at University of a large provincial city 22 years old, the last 3 years has not passed any course. He avoided going to school because he was playing his favourite game. He was so good that other players online sought him after. They were praised him and wanted to get to know more players from different countries such as Sweden, Australia, etc. The man recognizes the problem and is on track to treatment.
What advice should we give to parents to protect their children from a future addiction to Internet?
a. From an early age should be set limits (on many issues) and kept within the family. Limits (if there are not excessive or particularly severe) do not oppress children, but they channel them and they indicate interest. It is important for safety. As the child grows, the limits will apply to good discussion, to take the views of the child and adolescent. Respect the personality of children and adolescents from a young age, it is a very important element for implementing discipline.
b. Take time to deal with Internet issues WITH your children.
c. Put the computer in a common area so as not to enable isolation of the child and no control.
d. The use of filters for harmful websites and participation in the choices of the adolescent (without exaggeration and / or unreasonable prohibitions), contributes to a positive outcome.
e. Inform your children from a young age using simple words about "addiction" and harassment.
f. Do not use the computer use as a reward or punishment.
g. If you notice excessive use and / or addictive behaviours seek help IMMEDIATELY.
Parental Control Software
If you want to know which Web sites are accessible to your children, use a filtering program content, which can block access to websites with inappropriate content such as violence, porn, gambling, etc. By keyword phrase «parental control» are many such programs (some of them free) if you search the Internet or go to a provider of Internet. Moreover, the very possibility of offering Windows control, not only Internet access and computer use (e.g. how long the child can be at the computer, etc.). But beware, because these programs may be appropriate in order to " restrict " younger children, but older children are likely to be able to intervene in the computer and turn them off.
This article was translated by : Tsirona Sophia